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Episode Supplements

This section of our site includes additional resources tailored to the contents of each of our episodes. There is such a wealth of knowledge in circularity beyond our show, so we would like to uplift the voices of others and offer diverse perspectives through this collective.

Episode 1:
History of Linear Fashion

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This presentation is delivered by Aja Barber, sustainable fashion activist and author of Consumed.

Vintage Family Portrait

This article from American Centuries explains women's fashion during the early colonialist era in the United States, which provides a foundational context for the transition to linear fashion.


In this article by Matter, a publication dedicated to purpose-driven business, the formative historical movements influencing an eventual shift toward fast fashion are explored 


This article written by Charles Daniel McDonald, founder of fashion-focused Forc Magazine, is an alternative source of the history of linear fashion.

Image by freestocks

In the journal of Management Science, this study explores and analyzes the economic and systemic instigators of fast fashion. 

Episode 1.5:
Debriefing 'Linear History' & Systems Thinking

Image by Remy Gieling

This journal article, published by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, discusses the Quick Response Strategy in fashion.


This legislation in New York, called the Fashion Sustainability and Social and Accountability Act, was proposed on January 7, 2022.


If you are curious to learn more about the class action suit against Apple with respect to planned obsolescence, check out this article.


Rent The Runway, a clothing rental service, released this blog on their LinkedIn further explaining the LCA that was conducted to assess the environmental impact of their company.


In Gas and Oil Reliability, an article overviewing life cycle analysis (LCA) as a form of environmental impact assessment was released. If you are interested in learning more about this practice, this is a great place to start!

Image by Michael Marais

This episode briefly touched upon the electric vehicle debate. If you are interested in learning more about the challenges facing the EV industry, this article explains several of the most pressing concerns.

Episode 2:
Business Models for Circular Fashion


Het Groene Brain, a social impact organization that has been researching the circular transition, has produced this resource on the definitive features of both linear and circular business models.


The Ellen MacArthur Foundation, a circular economy research organization, produced this framework organizing different strategies for reducing waste in a circular business context--divided between technological and biological cycles.


This report on the state of resale was created by online thrifting platform, ThredUP. Their main findings indicate that resale is projected to grow over 20 times the rate of traditional retail.


As discussed in this week's episode, the global liquidation market which centers around re-selling returned items, is valued at about $650 billion. Get an inside peek into liquidation warehouses and the business of return through this article!


The Waste Hierarchy, which is the basis for the "reduce, reuse, recycle" mantra, can be applied beyond the household. In fact, it is critical to consider when devising business strategies to become more circular! For instance, starting with design and ways to reduce textile waste at the outset is a much more effective approach than harnessing energy on recycling. 

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